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Title: Pre-Canonical Reading: An Analysis to the Neuwirth’s Chronological Order of Qur’ān
Authors: Hamka Hasan
Keywords: Late antiquity;Canonization;Meccan;Medinan;Abraham
Issue Date: Nov-2019
Publisher: Sekolah Pascasarjana UIN Syarif Hidayatullah Jakarta
Abstract: This article aims to scrutinize about Neuwirth's assumptions in showing the similarity of the Qur'anic message in late antiquity sources. It is describing the chronological order of the surah and applying the intertextual method to the Qur’ān, especially the text that was spoken by the proclaimer (Prophet). By using new chronological order, Neuwirth makes the Qur’ān which was initially a text-referential then involved in the development of the community, that is, the hearers. In Abraham case, This research found that Abraham story was divided from the expulsion of his hometown, the sacrifice, the construction of the Ka‘ba to an emergence of a new community, millah ibrāhīm, provides a new perspective in understanding the chronology of the Qur’ān. This intertextual process also discovered the Qur’ān as a text that is not just a text that has been fixed canonized, but rather a text which involves the development of a community.
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