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Title: The Effect of Turmeric Extract (Curcuma Zedoria) on Antioxidant Enzymes Activity
Authors: Chris Adhiyanto
Lucky Briliantina
Narila Mutia Nasir
Hari Hendarto
Flori R. Sari
Kenyo Sembodro
Sisy Marfani
Salma Maulidia
Keywords: White Turmeric extract;Mono Sodium Glutamat;Free radicals;antioxidants endogen
Issue Date: Jan-2021
Publisher: International Journal of Human and Health Sciences
Abstract: Indonesia is a country that has diversity of spices and types of cuisine. In the early 70s, the use of MSG (monosodium glutamate) as a flavor enhancer began to be popular in Indonesia. It replaces natural flavor such as sugar, salt or spices because its affordable price compared to natural flavor. MSG as food additive is added to foods that exceed limits and may cause a negative effect to the body. One of the effects is the increasing of free radicals that can lead to various degenerative diseases such as blood vessel disorders and others. White turmeric is a common spice that widely used by Indonesian. Several studies have reported the benefits of white turmeric as an antifungal, antimicrobial and so on. The objective of this research is to find the effects of white turmeric extract in improving endogenous antioxidants to suppress the free radical effects because of the excessive use of MSG. Materials and Method: We measured the activity of SOD, catalase and GSHreductase as endogenous antioxidants in mice treated with MSG and white turmeric. The subjects of this study used 24 Sprague Dawley male rats aged 2-6 months; weight 100-150 grams, which were randomly divided into 6 groups. The control group did not receive any treatment. The MSG group was given MSG (4800mg / kg/ day). Groups 3 and 4 were given MSG and white turmeric extract, respectively (100 mg / kg / day and 200 mg kg / day). Groups 5 and 6 were given MSG and vitamin C respectively (250 mg / kg / day and 500 mg / kg/ day) after 14 days of treatment; the activity of enzyme measured by Abcam Enzyme Kit and detected by Spectrophotometer Thermo Scientific Multi-scan Go. Result: The administration of white turmeric extracts will increase SOD and Catalase activity, and reduce GSH-reductase activity. Conclusion: White turmeric extract will help the work of endogenous antioxidant enzymes in counteracting free radicals produced from MSG metabolism
ISSN: 2523-692X
Appears in Collections:Pre Print

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