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Title: Epistemologi tafsir Maqasidi
Authors: Kusmana
Keywords: epistemology;tafsir maqasidi;ijtihad;islamization of knowledge;hermeneutics;masalih mursalah
Issue Date: Dec-2016
Publisher: Mutawatir: Jurnal Keilmuan Tafsir Hadis
Series/Report no.: Vol. 6;No. 2
Abstract: This article examines tafsîr maqâs}idî in epistemological outlook. It studies the origins, methodology, and validation of its construction. Based on depth literary analysis, this article argues that tafsîr maqâs}idî cannot be separated from its origins in the historical development of Islamic law. It can be seen from the rise of tafsîr maqâs}idî that is much more originated and established from maqâs}id al-sharî’ah in terms of Islamic law. The basic framework of tafsîr maqâs}idî is not only developed by Muslim scholars who are well educated in Islamic law such as Ibn ‘Âshûr and Jaser Auda, but also initiated by scholars of theology such like Muh}ammad ‘Abduh and Muh}ammad Rashîd Rid}â. The article also suggests that the movement of maqâs}id al-sharî’ah thoughts including tafsîr maqâs}idî has relevant effort in constructing Islamic knowledge which is well known in contemporary Islamic discourse as islamization of knowledge. On the origins, tafsîr maqâs}idî is like tafsir bi al-ra’y that attempts to find a logical basis and methods that is appropriate to Islamic sources, and on the same time it tries to put a logic and reason as the basis for interpretation. On methodological side, tafsîr maqâs}idî is built in two traces of tafsir tradition that is well known as naqlî and ‘aqlî methods. And on validation, tafsîr maqâs}idî forms itself into a wide creativity in using naqlî and ‘aqlî methods by emphasizing on rational and empirical study with special reference to mas}âlih} mursalah.
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