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Title: Developing Islamic philanthropy for human rights: The Indonesian experience
Authors: Asep Saepudin Jahar
Keywords: Zakat; Waqf; Islamic Philanthropy; Human Rights; Justice; Sadaqah.
Issue Date: 2018
Publisher: Atlantis Press
Abstract: This paper deals with the Islamic philanthropic experience in relation to human rights in Indonesia. While existing studies contend that Islamic doctrine disagrees with human rights, for example in the field of male and female relations in both private and public affairs, this essay tries to demonstrate that Islamic philanthropy, i.e. zakat and waqf, has aided people regardless of their religious and/or ethnic backgrounds. After investigating the operations of some zakat agencies, it has become evident that zakat funds that have been used for poverty elevation have contributed to improve conditions for poor people in the social, economic, health and education sectors. This study concludes that valuing Islam as incompatible with human rights is an oversimplification. Since the textual dimension of Islamic teachings may have meaning in a general sense, they are in need of reinterpretation and have to be adapted in accordance with the objectives of the sharia (maqasid alsharia) and the principles of humanity.
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