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Title: DNA methylation variant, B-vitamins intake and longitudinal change in body mass index
Authors: Hoirun Nisa
Keywords: B-vitamins intake; Body mass index; DNA methylation variant
Issue Date: May-2018
Publisher: International journal of obesity
Abstract: Background Growing evidence has implicated DNA methylation (DNAm) in the regulation of body adiposity; a recent epigenome-wide association study (EWAS) identified a genetic variant determining DNAm at the SREBF1 gene that affected body mass index (BMI). Objective In the present study, we tested interactions between DNAm variant rs752579 and methylation metabolism-related B-vitamins (folate, vitamin B2, vitamin B6, and vitamin B12) on longitudinal change in BMI in the Women’s Health Initiative Memory Study (WHIMS). Design A total of 5687 white women aged 65–79 from WHIMS with genotyping data on SNP rs752579 were included in the analysis. B-vitamins intakes were estimated by a self-report semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire. BMI was measured at baseline and 6-year follow-up. Result We found significant interactions between the SREBF1 rs752579 genotype and intake of food source B-vitamins on 6-year change in BMI (p interaction <0.01 for all). BMI changes (kg/m2) per DNAm-increasing (C) allele were −0.29, 0.06, and 0.11 within subgroups of increasing tertiles of food source folate intake; and the corresponding BMI changes (kg/m2) were −0.25, −0.01, and 0.15 for vitamin B2 intake; −0.17, −0.16, and 0.21 for vitamin B6 intake; and −0.12, −0.23, and 0.26 for vitamin B12 intake, respectively. Similar gene–diet interaction patterns were observed on the change in body weight. Conclusions Our data suggest that habitual intake of food source B-vitamins may modify the effect of DNAm-related variant on long-term adiposity change.
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