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Title: Urban Respiratory Health Problem
Authors: Mukhtar Ikhsan
Keywords: Worker
Issue Date: 2013
Publisher: Departemen Pulmonologi dan Ilmu Kedokteran Respirasi FKUI
Series/Report no.: ISBN;978-979-17328-7-3
Abstract: Urban Medicine is the health of a population that lives and works closely together, usually in an incorporated area, such as a city or town, with a common water supply and with similar environmental conditions. The urban respiratory health problems including communicable disease (new emerging disease, tuberculosis, HIV/AIDS) and noncommunicable disease(indoor air pollution, outdoor air pollution, chronic obstructive lung disease, asthma, smoking related disease, sick building syndrome, lung cancer, occupational and environmental lung disease, etc). In urban community, new emerging disease can develop, become pandemic. Factors to be considered in pandemic are population density, population mobility pattern and reproducing number of virus. Exposure to tobacco smoke and indoor air pollution is consistently associated with TB, regardless of the specific types of exposures and specific TB outcomes. The risk of death from TB among smokers was found higher than risk of latent disease. TB cases were more frequent among residents living at lower floors and decreasing trend was evident with increasing vertical heights
Description: Article
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