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Title: Prevention and Management Impact of Wildfire Smoke Inhalation
Authors: Mukhtar Ikhsan
Keywords: Worker;Wildfire Smoke
Issue Date: 2016
Publisher: Departemen Pulmonologi dan Ilmu Kedokteran Respirasi FKUI
Series/Report no.: ISBN;978-979-17328-5-7
Abstract: A wildfire or wildland fire is an uncontrolled fire in an area of combustible vegetation that occurs in the countryside area. Wildfire smoke is composed primarily of carbon dioxide and water vapor. Other common smoke components present in lower concentrations are carbon monoxide, formaldehyde, acrolein, polyaromatic hydrocarbons, and benzene. Small particulate suspended in air which come in solid form or in liquid droplets are also present in smoke. Eighty until ninety percent of wildfire smoke, by mass, is within the fine particle size class of 2.5 micrometers in diameter or smaller. Carbon monoxide and fine particulate matter, particularly 2.5 um in diameter and smaller, have been identified as the major health threats. Wildfires can cause extensive damage, both to property and human life. Inhalation of smoke from a wildfire can be a health hazard. The principle health concern is the inhalation of particulate matter and carbon monoxide. The degree of wildfire smoke exposure to an individual is dependent on the length, severity, duration, and proximity of the fire. Many systems are affected by wildfire smoke, predominantly through the respiratory system. Cardiovascular effects and ocular problems can also occur as well as acute burns. Psychological and psychiatric effects can be significant in relation to larger fires. Certain population groups are at particular risk of respiratory effects from wildfire smoke, including young children, those with pre-existing cardiopulmonary conditions, and smokers.
Description: scientific article
Appears in Collections:Artikel

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