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Title: The Effectiveness of Using Reciprocal Teaching on Students’ Reading Ability in Narrative Text (A Quasi- Experimental Study at the Second Grade Students of MTs 20 Jakarta)
Authors: Hanifah AzZahra
Advisors: Dr. Farida Hamid, M.Pd
Ertin, M.A. TESOL.
Issue Date: 21-Jul-2017
Abstract: The aim of this research is to know whether using Reciprocal Teaching Technique can improve the students’ reading ability in narrative text. The population in this research is the eighth grade students of MTs N 20 Jakarta. The writer uses cluster random sampling technique to take randomly 2 classes of 5 classes which have the same characteristics in terms of age and the average. The sample of the research was VIII-2 as the experiment class and VIII-3 as the controlled class. The experimental class that was given treatment by using reciprocal teaching and the controlled class was taught by using non-reciprocal teaching (explanatory strategy). Instruments that are used in the study were pretest and post-test. Then, T-test was used to analyze the data. The result of this study showed that reciprocal teaching is more effective than the explanatory strategy in teaching reading narrative text. It can be proven from mean of post-test score in experimental class which was 79.24 while the mean of post-test score in controlled class was 70.05. It means that the mean of post-test score experimental class was higher than the controlled class one (79.24 > 70.05). Moreover, the statistical calculation by using t-test that have described before showed that t0= 4.38 > tt= 1.99. It means that the Alternative Hypothesis (Ha) is accepted and the Null Hypothesis (Ho) is rejected. From the research result, it can be concluded that reciprocal teaching is effective in teaching reading of narrative text.
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