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Title: The Effectiveness of Role Playing on Students' Speaking Ability (A Quasi-Experimental Study at the Second Grade of SMAN 5 Kota Tangerang Selatan)
Authors: Siti Nur Sholikah
Advisors: Drs. Nasrun Mahmud, M.Pd.
Tati L. Durriyah, M.A., Ph.D.
Issue Date: 21-Jul-2017
Abstract: The study was carried out to obtain the empirical data of the effectiveness of role playing on students’ speaking ability at second grade of SMAN 5 Kota Tangerang Selatan. The study was conducted on two separated groups which were experimental class and control class, with a quasi-experimental design. The participants of the study were 78 students. The study was administered in five meetings, the first meeting for pre-test, three meetings for treatments, and the last meeting for post-test. Over the three treatments, both classes were learning English with the same learning content; however only experimental class was taught using role playing technique, while the control class was listening to oneway explanation from teacher and doing written exercise. T-test was used as the primary method in analyzing the result, while observation and interview were included to gather further information on students’ behavior and opinion towards the technique. The result from t-test was that the value of t table in degree significance 1% and df = 76 was 2.376 and the value of t observation was 5.229. This meant that Ha which was “there is significant effect of role playing on students’ speaking ability” was accepted. Additionally, the effect size was medium since d=0.6. Moreover, observation’s and interview’s result showed that students displayed positive behavior towards role playing particularly in the aspect of fun and excitement. Therefore, it could be concluded that role playing had significant effect in medium level on students speaking ability and the most prominent factor contributing the result was that students enjoyed and was excited in learning through role playing.
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