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Title: Sufi order and resistance movement : the sanusiyya of Libya,1911-1932
Authors: Awalia Rahma
Keywords: Research Subject Categories::HUMANITIES and RELIGION::Aesthetic subjects::Art;Research Subject Categories::HUMANITIES and RELIGION::Religion/Theology::Islamology
Issue Date: 1999
Publisher: McGill University Libraries
Abstract: This thesis is a study of the Sanusiyya order, in which particular emphasis is placed on its role as a resistance movement. Based on a survey of the social, economic, religious and political activities of this sufi brotherhood and its involvement in the tribal system of the North Africa during the first three decades of this century, an attempt will be made to identify on the one hand the factors that contributed to the strength of its resistance to Italian invasion, and on the other, the elements that led to its failure. It is argued that its initial success in the resistance benefited from the network of the zawiyas where ikhwan from different tribes were integrated socially and economically in accordance with strong Islamic values. However, lack of military training and weapons, dependency on a prominent figure, competing ambitions within the Sanusi family and geographical distance ultimately weakened the resistance.
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