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Title: Magical realism in a shinagawa monkey short Story by Haruki Murakami: The concept of characteristics of magical realism by Wendy B. Faris
Authors: Umar Mahfuzh
Advisors: Elve Oktafiyani
Keywords: Magical Realism, Wendy B. Faris, A Shinagawa Monkey, Short Story, Haruki Murakami
Issue Date: 17-Jan-2017
Publisher: UIN Syarif Hidayatullah Jakarta: Fakultas Adab dan Humaniora, 2017
Abstract: The writer uses a short story entitled A Shinagawa Monkey which is written by Haruki Murakami as unit analysis in this research. In addition, this story is included in a collected story entitled Blind Willow, Sleeping Woman. This research focuses on finding the characteristics of magical realism contained in the story using Wendy B. Faris‟ concept about characteristics of magical realism in a fiction. Thus, the writer collects the data from the textual units related with the focus of the research and categorize them based on each characteristics. The result of this research is that characteristics of magical realism offered by Wendy B. Faris could be found in the short story except one characteristic, that is, disruption of time. However, it does not affect the story to not be called a magical realist fiction. First, the story contains the irreducible element in which it emerges in the form of a talking monkey. Second, the presence of real places and objects such as jewelry shop, counseling office, purse, bracelet et cetera, that resembles the ones existed in real life detail a strong presence of the phenomenal world. Third, the western readers experience unsettling doubt when the talking monkey emerges in the story. Fourth, merging realm occurs when Mizuki, Mr. and Mrs. Sakaki and Mr. Sakurada meet the talking monkey in the storage room in which the real space—as in the room—merges, by the presence of the talking monkey, with magical character. Fifth, the room where four characters encounter the talking monkey experiences disruption of space in which its function turns into magical space from real space. Disruption of identity is occurred to the talking monkey for he acts as a psychologist who reveal Mizuki‟s problem despite its nature identity as an animal
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