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Title: Hero and villain: a study of joseph campbell’s monomyth in neil gaiman’s the graveyard book.
Authors: Fadhillah Fatihatullaily
Advisors: Elve Oktafiyani
Keywords: Monomyth, Hero‘s Journey, Villain‘s Journey, Joseph Campbell, Neil Gaiman
Issue Date: 17-Jan-2017
Publisher: UIN Syarif Hidayatullah Jakarta: Fakultas Adab dan Humaniora, 2017
Abstract: Ever since Joseph Campbell's Monomyth is founded, the live journey of a hero in many literary works has long been studied by many researchers; however, far less attention has been devoted to analyzing the journey of the villain. Whereas, the villain is the essential part of the story and the presence of villains and the obstacles posed by them is the one who determines the hero's journey. According to Faria, a researcher that study the villain journey, the concept of Monomyth proposed by Joseph Campbell can work for the villain. Based on Faria's statement the writer wants to ascertain whether or not Joseph Campbell's Monomyth that is used to analyze the hero's journey, can also work for the journey of the villain. The writer chose a novel titled The Graveyard Book (2008) written by Neil Gaiman as a research corpus. The method used in this research is qualitative method and the result of the research is written in descriptive analysis technique. The hero and the villain in The Graveyard Book are analyzed carefully and accurately using the theory proposed by Joseph Campbell, Monomyth, in the book titled The Hero with a Thousand Faces. In Monomyth theory, there are three phases that the heroes from many tales overcome; ―Departure‖, ―Initiation‖, and ―Return‖. Those phases are known as the nuclear unit (basic pattern) of the Monomyth. Based on the research findings, the writer found that Bod, the hero, has a complete phase of Monomyth so that Campbell's Monomyth for Bod is valid. Whereas the villain, Jack Frost, only undergoes the phase of ―Departure‖ and ―Initiation‖ throughout his journey. The writer did not find any evidence in Jack Frost journey that fits Campbell's definition of ―Return‖. Hence, the result of this research is Joseph Campbell's Monomyth is not work for the villain. Hence, Faria's statement is not generally applicable to analyze other villains from other literary works. On the other words, Campbell's Monomyth is suits best for analyzing the hero's journey
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