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Title: Why he says sampaeng ri karuenga? Introduction to Linguistics
Authors: Darsita Suparno
Issue Date: 30-Jan-2017
Publisher: Pusat Perpustakaan UIN Syarif Hidayatullah Jakarta
Abstract: Linguistics refers to study of language. Why should we study language? Victoria describes that language is the source of human life and power. Based on my experience when I know a language, such as: semar loyo, dibalang sendal and kasur bosok, according to my mind they are Javanese’s language. They are phrases. They are abbreviation of cities in central Java. Semar loyo is Semarang, Solo, and Yogya, dibalang sandal is Purwodadi, batang, Pemalang, Semarang and Kendal, kasur bosok is Karang Anyal, Sukoharjo Boyolali, Solo and Klaten. This means I am able to produce strings of sounds that signify certain meanings and to understand or interpret the sounds produced by others. Part of knowing a language means knowing what sounds or sign are in that language and what sounds are not. Victoria explains that one way this unconscious knowledge is revealed is by the way speakers of one language pronounce words from another language. If I speak only Java, for example, I may substitute a Java sound for a non-Java sound when pronouncing “foreign” words like Makassar Bulang Rumallang nilassukangi, Battuak ri ballaknu ri subanngi. If I pronounce it as the Makassar do, I am using sounds outside the Java sound system Knowing the sound system of a language includes more than knowing the inventory of sounds. It means also knowing which sounds may start a word, and a word and follow each other. Sounds and sound pattern of Java or Makassar language, for example constitute only one part of its linguistics knowledge.
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