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Title: Sex differences play a role in cardiac endoplasmic reticulum stress (ERS) and ERS-initiated apoptosis induced by pressure overload and thapsigargin
Authors: Flori Ratna Sari
Kenichi Watanabe
Bambang Widyantoro
Rajarajan A. Thandavarayan
Meilei Harima
Makoto Kodama
Yoshifusa Aizawa
Advisors: Kenichi Watanabe
Keywords: Sex differences;ascending aortic banding;Thapsigargin;Endoplasmic reticulum stress;Apoptosis
Issue Date: 2011
Publisher: Elsevier
Abstract: Excessive endoplasmic reticulum stress (ERS) triggers myocardial apoptosis. Sex differences appear to be an important determinant in the occurrence of stress and apoptosis through many pathways, but the roles of sex differences in the cardiac ERS and ERS-initiated apoptosis are largely unknown. In the present study, we investigated the in vivo role of sex differences in the cardiac ERS and apoptosis elicited by ascending aortic banding surgery or thapsigargin (Thap) injection using male and female C57BL/6 JAX mice. The surgery significantly increased the expression levels of cardiac glucose-regulated protein (GRP)78 and CCAAT/enhancer binding protein homology protein (CHOP) protein, increased the myocardial apoptosis and decreased the sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca2+-ATPase isoform (SERCA)2 immunoreactivity in the male mice relative to female mice. Furthermore, during ERS induction using Thap, myocardial apoptosis and the expression levels of cardiac GRP78, inositol-requiring enzyme (Ire)1α and tumor necrosis factor receptor-associated factor (TRAF)2 were significantly increased in male mice relative to female mice. Sex differences significantly affected the above results. Our data suggest that sex differences affected the response of myocardial tissues in dealing with cardiac ERS and further result of ERS, apoptosis, at least in part through the regulation of SERCA2, CHOP, Ire1α and TRAF2
ISSN: 1054-8807
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